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Iron in Mills and Millwrighting

Though the use of iron in millwrighting is not as traditional as that of wood, iron has firmly cemented its place as a valuable material in the craft. Two types of iron have been used in millwrighting, these being wrought iron and cast iron. Wrought iron was used mainly for bearings and hinges, as it was…

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John Smeaton F.R.S (1724-1792)

John Smeaton F.R.S (1724-1792) by Mather Brown. Credits Science Museum Group. John Smeaton, Civil Engineer. By his definition, John Smeaton was not a millwright but a ‘civil engineer’. However, his contributions to millwrighting are too influential to ignore. Smeaton was born in Leeds in 1721. He attended the Leeds Grammar School before becoming a mathematical…

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Wood in millwrighting

Since mills first appeared in Britain, the main material that has been used to construct them has been wood. The first mills reported in Britain date back as early as the Domesday Book in 1086. Though there is no mention of windmills, it is confirmed that both water and animal powered mills existed at this…

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Ulrich Hütter (1910-1990)

Ulrich Hütter was an Austrian-German engineer and professor who pioneered in the generation of electricity through wind power. After completing school in Salzburg, Hütter studied mechanical engineering and shipbuilding at the Vienna University of Technology from 1930 to 1936. In 1932, during his time in Vienna, Hütter joined the NSDAP, which later become the Nazi…

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