2013 Technology Map of the European Strategic energy technology Plan. Report EUR 26345 EN

    Full details

    Authors & editors

    Carlsson, Johan
    Vellei, Marika

    Publisher Joint Research Centre of the European Commission
    Year of publication 2014 -

    English (main text)

    Medium Digital

    Climate, environment and development > Renewable energy policy and economics


    Climate change
    Low-carbon emissions & carbon capture

    Scope & contentBackground

    The European Union (EU) is tackling climate change, energy supply security and economic competitiveness through the transformation of the energy system, with far-reaching implications on how we source and produce our energy, how we transport and trade it, and how we use it. The aim is to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by at least 85 % by 2050 compared to the 1990 levels.

    There is no single energy technology that alone can sustain this transformation. Either the energy sources are not sufficiently abundant or they have drawbacks in terms of sustainability or security of supply. In other cases the technologies proposed are not yet competitive as compared to technologies using fossil fuels. Therefore, a broad portfolio of low-carbon technologies is required for coping with future uncertainty.

    According to the Energy Roadmap 2050 (COM(2011)885/2), under the current policies, the market trends show that only half of the targeted greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions would be achieved by 2050. The respective shares of electricity generation technologies in such reference scenarios in 2005 and 2050 are shown in Figures 0.1 and 0.2.

    With more support for research and development (R&D) on new technologies and a supportive regulatory framework for low-carbon technologies compared to the current policies, the decarbonisation of the energy system can be significantly accelerated.

    Divisions within this publication

    • 1: Wind Power Generation
    • 2: Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Generation
    • 3: Concentrated Solar Power Generation
    • 4: Hydropower
    • 5: Geothermal Energy
    • 6: Marine Energy
    • 7: Carbon Capture And Storage In Power Generation
    • 8: Advanced Fossil Fuel Power Generation
    • 9: Nuclear Fission Power Generation
    • 10: Nuclear Fusion Power Generation
    • 11: Bioenergy — Power And Heat Generation
    • 12: Biofuels For The Transport Sector
    • 13: Hydrogen And Fuel Cells
    • 14: Electricity Storage In The Power Sector
    • 15: Smart Grids
    • 16: Cogeneration Or Combined Heat And Power
    • 17: Energy Performance Of Buildings
    • 18: Heating And Cooling Technologies
    • 19: Heat Pumps
    • 20: Energy Efficiency And Co2 Emissions Reduction In Industry
    • 21: The cement industry
    • 22: The iron and steel industry
    • 23: The pulp and paper industry


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