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Mills make the world go round

By Mildred Cookson and Nathanael Hodge Mills are most well known for grinding corn into flour. However, over the centuries mills powered by wind, water and other power sources have been used for many other types of industry. You can find out more about some of these here: Paper mills Gunpowder mills Fulling mills Cotton…

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Technical descriptions of English windmills

1: THE TECHNICAL INFORMATION PROJECT2: THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF TRADITIONAL WINDMILL TECHNOLOGY IN ENGLAND3: BEDFORDSHIRE4: CAMBRIDGESHIRE A-F5: CAMBRIDGESHIRE G-P6: CAMBRIDGESHIRE Q-U7: CAMBRIDGESHIRE V-Z8: CAMBRIDGESHIRE – WEST WRATTING-YAXLEY9: CHANNEL ISLANDS10: CHESHIRE11: DERBYSHIRE12: DURHAM13: ESSEX A-LITTLE BENTLEY14: ESSEX BIRCH-F15: ESSEX G-O16: ESSEX P-TERLING17: ESSEX M-HIGH ONGAR18: ESSEX – ORSETT, BAKER STREET19: ESSEX THAXTED-LITTLE TOTHAM20: ESSEX – UPMINSTER-SAFFRON…

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Why are so few Domesday mills recorded in Cornwall and Devon? A new thesis

1: Summary2: Background3: Tide-mills: The Locational Factors4: Conclusions5: References Summary It has been frequently noted by those analysing the 1086 Domesday survey that there are fewer watermills recorded in Cornwall and Devon than might be expected when compared with other counties.  This paper puts forward a reason why this is so.  It is suggested: firstly,…

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The Advent of Modern Milling

1: THEMES TO CHOOSE FROM2: Roller Milling Development3: History of Roller Milling: Farewell to the Millstone4: History of Roller Milling: The Origins5: Roller Milling Around the World: Australia6: Roller Milling Around the World: Canada7: Roller Milling Around the World: Ireland8: Roller Milling Around the World: New Zealand9: Building a Mill: Location10: Building a Mill: Construction11:…

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From Quern to Computer: The history of flour milling

Authors: Martin and Sue Watts 1: Introduction2: Cereals and cultivation: Prehistory to the Romans3: Cereals and cultivation: The early medieval period, c.AD500 to the present day4: The first milling stones5: The application of animal and water power: From the Mediterranean to Britain6: Early medieval mills and milling7: Medieval mills and milling8: Post-medieval mills and milling,…

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The Decline of Wind and Water Mills

1: Overview2: The heyday of mills3: New technology4: Mill preservation Overview There was a time when every village had its wind or watermill; when mills were everywhere – an essential part of the economy. But over the past few centuries they have all but vanished. Slowly, the development of new technology drove traditional mills out…

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Watermills and Windmills of Middlesex (Second Edition)

1: Introduction2: Key to caption credits and abbreviations in text3: Watermills4: Watermill gazetteer A-D5: Watermill gazetteer E6: Watermill gazetteer F7: Watermill gazetteer H8: Watermill gazetteer I-R9: Watermill gazetteer S10: Watermill gazetteer T-Y11: Windmills12: Windmill gazetteer A-C13: Windmill gazetteer E-G14: Windmill gazetteer H15: Windmill gazetteer I-N16: Windmill gazetteer P17: Windmill gazetteer R-S18: Windmill gazetteer T-Y19: Unidentified…

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Mills of Finland

1: Overview2: A note on Finland from Rex and Auvo3: Types of Finnish mill4: A few interesting mills arranged by province5: TIMS symposium speech on Finnish shingle mills6: Glossary of Finnish terms in English7: Rex Wailes’ obituary8: About the author Overview Rex Wailes’ Finnish Mills collection has been catalogued and digitised as part of the Reading Internship…

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Early medieval Irish watermills

1: Introduction2: Design3: Chronology4: Context5: Conclusions6: Bibliography7: About the author Introduction An examination of the role of watermill technology in the economic intensification of Early Medieval Ireland, with reference to recent advances in archaeologists’ understanding of their design, contexts of discovery and chronological development. Reconstruction of a medieval Irish horizontal watermill – Photo by Niall…

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