White Mill, Sandwich

A wind-powered corn mill in the historic county of Kent, England.

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The mill was built in 1760 and was repaired during the years 1960 - 1981 by Millwright Vincent Pargeter and is open to the public as part of the White Mill Rural Heritage Centre. The mill retains most of its original wooden machinery.

White Mill is a three-storey smock mill on a single-storey brick base. It has four spring sails. The mill is winded by a fantail and drives two pairs of millstones by wind, and a third pair is driven by an engine. Much of the machinery is made of wood, including the brake wheel, wallower, great spur wheel, and stone nuts. The millstones are overdriven.

The mill last worked by wind in 1926. A pair of sails from the demolished tower mill at Wingham were erected on the mill. The work was initially financed by Vincent Pargeter himself but in 1964, the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings gave a grant for the purchase of materials to repair the mill. The mill was acquired by Sandwich Borough Council in 1968, and later passed into the ownership of Kent County Council.

There is an engine house, restored in 1995 and containing a Lister petrol engine which can drive a Plate Mill to grind flour.

The Miller's Cottage which houses the museum was built in the 1830's, and along with the outbuildings are a rare survival of a complete milling site. The mill ran for almost 100 years by the Stanley family, supplying flour and animal food throughout the Victorian era, and worked up to 1957.

There is a complete Wheelwright's workshop and a Blacksmith's workshop with forge. The site with the mill is open all year round, Sunday, Tuesday & Friday mornings from 10.00 am to 12.00 pm

*Main photograph taken from the White Mill Rural Heritage Centre website*

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Full details

Power source Wind
Mill type Smock mill
Mill function Corn mill
Archive ID 2786
Location Sandwich
Historic county Kent
Country England, United Kingdom
NGR TR 323 587
Latitude/longitude 51.27951100, 1.32817400



  • Billhead of A. Stanley and Son, Sandwich - October 1938.
  • Mr. Albert Stanley, White Mill, Sandwich. Date not known.
  • White Mill being repaired, photo taken 29th April 1962.
  • Internal photograph of the brakewheel, taken in 1928.
  • External shot taken by Frank Gregory, date not known.
  • Photo of Mr Thomas Stanley, grandfather of the last miller at the mill. Date not known.


  • Anthony Bryan, Mills Research Group Database
  • The Mills Archive, The Mildred Cookson Collection
  • Windmill World

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