Publication:

Ansbach gestern + heute 21

    Full details

    English titleAnsbach yesterday + today 21
    Authors & editors

    Bürger, Werner [Author]

    Year of publication 1980
    Languages

    German (main text)

    Medium Book
    Edition1
    Topics

    Energy & power > Muscle power

    Scope & contentSummary Translation
    Booklet of articles about various aspects of culture in Ansbach, containing the second and final part of the article about horsemills and windmills in the area which started in the previous number. This part of the article concentrates on animal-powered mills. They were practical in times of siege and when rivers were dry or frozen over, but costly to run, not least because the animals quickly fell ill. Horsemills were built in Augsburg in the 15th century and in Ulm in the early 17th. Most of the imperial free cities in the Franconian Circle had horsemills in the 16th century.The article details the histories of some of them, and notes others functioning in the 18th century.Horsemills were essential to keep fortresses supplied with flour.In Ansbach there was a horse mill for malt production in the brewery until late into the 19th century. Some millers were forbidden from building horse mills because the authorities wanted to promote windmills and did not want the competition.Since horsemills and windmills were built in precisely those areas where water could not be relied on, the area of their distribution experienced little industrialisation, which needed water power to drive machinery. The author looked at the former principality of Brandenburg-Ansbach and the current Ansbach district or on the borders, and found 19 locations where 30 windmills could be documented, and 49 with 64 horsemills. The article contains a few diagrams and photos.
    KeywordsGermany, Cereals, Brewing, Archaeology & history

    Copies held

    Accession no. 229761

    • Shelf location: W114.3_BUR
    • Donor: Ken Major Collection