The sugar industry of Pernambuco during the nineteenth century

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    Authors & editors

    Galloway, J H [Author]

    Publisher Annals of the Association of American Geographers
    Year of publication 1968 Vol 58 (2) 285-303

    Medium Digital

    Food (non-cereal) processes > Sugar
    Wind & watermills by Region > Rest of the World (not Europe) > Latin America

    Scope & contentDuring the nineteenth century, the abolition of slavery and advances in the technology of manufacturing sugar led to the replacement of the Labat system of cane sugar production by the central factory system.

    The resolution of a labor crisis and the financing of central factories at a time when competition from beet sugar was beginning constituted a challenge to which cane growing regions reacted differently.

    Around the Caribbean, some long-established sugar colonies could not meet the challenge and their production declined or stagnated, whereas other colonies rose to importance and prosperity.

    In Pernambuco, Brazil, the combination of a free population which was gradually drawn into the sugar industry, investment of foreign as well as domestic capital, and the appearance of new markets permitted the sugar industry to survive, even to increase production, but not to prosper.

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