Wheat flour milling from millstones to rollers

    Full details

    Authors & editors

    Harris, Nigel S [Author]

    Publisher The author
    Year of publication 2017

    English (main text)

    Medium Book

    Cereal processes > Flour milling


    Scope & contentThis book overviews the roller flour mill revolution from 1875 to 1900, its development and the milling industry today.
    Chapter 1. Introduction: Wheat and flour— Traditional millstone milling — The milling action — Roller mill revolution

    Chapter 2. Grain cleaning and flour dressing machines in traditional mills: Grain cleaners in traditional mills — Winnower— Smutter—Flour dressers for millstone mills--Early Dressing Machinery: Jog scry, Bolter, Wire machine, Reel

    Chapter 3. Traditional Mills Leading up to the Roller Mill Revolution: Prior to the late eighteenth century—Increase in demand for white flour—Late 18th century mills—The use of steam power—Other developments — Silent feed—Exhausting the millstones and flour dust extraction—Dust extractors—The Automatic Flour Mill—Elevator—Conveyor or auger—Tentering and the governor—Windmill improvements—An ‘automatic’ watermill incorporating grain cleaning and flour dressing

    Chapter 4. The Evolution of Roller Milling: Millstone dressing machines—The “French Process” of milling—Roller mills and the gradual reduction process—Plansifters—Scratch system—Purification using Purifiers - Reduction—Centrifugal dresser (Centrifugal) - Double centrifugal dressers—Some aspects of roller mills—Rolls—The Seck Granulator—Self-contained roller plant—Tattersall self-contained roller plant—Dust collectors and filters—The cyclone dust collector—Sack shuts—Employee elevator

    Chapter 5. Some Early English Roller Mill Plant Manufacturers: (1) Henry Simon—(2) Thomas Robinson & Son—(3) Briddon & Fowler—(4) Samuelson—(5) E.R. & F Turner & Co.—(6) J. Harrison Carter—(7) Armfield & Co.

    Chapter 6. Some Surviving Small English Roller Plant Installations: (1) Caudwell’s Mill, Derbyshire—Flour Bleaching and other equipment—The Agitator—The Novadel feeder—Shoe feeder—Gardner “Rapid” mixer—Oscillating sieve—Dust collection—(2) Botley Mills, Hampshire—Screw Conveyors—(3) Calbourne Watermill, Isle of Wight—The Roller Floor (the first floor)—The Dressing Equipment—Second floor—The Process—(4) Holme Mills (Jordans Mill), Bedfordshire—1896 mill—First floor—Second floor—Ground floor—(5) Help Out Mill, Shackerstone, Leicestershire—Roller plant: The first floor—The second floor—The third floor—(6) Throop Mill—(7) Clapton Mill, Crewkerne, Somerset

    Chapter 7. The Growth of the Roller Flour Milling Industry: The demise of the stoneground flour mill—Traditional milling revival—The growth of late 19 century & early 20th century roller mills—Steam driven motor vehicles replace horse drawn carts—Women, World War I and flour mills—Five country mills on the “Simon” system dating to the early 1920’s—Joseph Rank Ltd—Spillers Milling

    Chapter 8. Wheat Preparation for Milling: Developments in grain and flour handling—Steps in wheat milling—Sampling—Protein in wheat—Moisture content—Hagberg falling number—Specific weight—Removal of impurities—Separators: Apex combined rubble separator & aspirator—Robinson receiving sieve separator—Howes “Eureka” Separator—Carter disc separator—A Trieur separator—Scourers—Destoner—A Bühler combinator—A colour sorter—Conditioning (Tempering)—Washer & wizzer—Wheat blending

    Chapter 9. Restructuring, Consolidation, Dereliction and Demolition: Unnamed Mills ‘A’ to ‘J’

    Chapter 10. An Overview of the UK Flour Milling Industry Today: ADM Milling Ltd—Allied Mills—E. D. Bradshaw & Sons—Carr’s Flour Mills Ltd—Doves Farm Foods, Berkshire—Heygate Limited—Hovis Limited—C. Marston & Sons Ltd—F. W. P. Matthews Ltd—William Nelstrop & Co Ltd, Cheshire—Whitworth Bros. Ltd—W.H Marriage & Sons, Chelmsford, Essex—Wessex Mill Clarks (Wantage) Ltd, Oxfordshire—G.R. Wright & Sons Ltd, London—Traditional stoneground flour mills

    Detailed references and further reading

    Contains many photographs with drawings and illustrations by John Brandrick

    Copies held

    Accession no. 229906

    • Shelf location: O200-HAR
    • Donor: Nigel Harris
    • Notes: Signed by the author who has provided a pasted-in key to the captions of the "Unnamed Mills A - J between pages 140 and 155 .

    Divisions within this publication

    • 1: Introduction: Wheat and flour— Traditional millstone milling
    • 2: Grain cleaning and flour dressing machines in traditional mills
    • 3: Traditional Mills Leading up to the Roller Mill Revolution
    • 4: The Evolution of Roller Milling
    • 5: Some Early English Roller Mill Plant Manufacturers
    • 6: Some Surviving Small English Roller Plant Installations
    • 7: The Growth of the Roller Flour Milling Industry
    • 8: Wheat Preparation for Milling
    • 9: Restructuring, Consolidation, Dereliction and Demolition
    • 10: An Overview of the UK Flour Milling Industry Today