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The Decline of Wind and Water Mills

1: Overview2: The heyday of mills3: New technology4: Mill preservation Overview There was a time when every village had its wind or watermill; when mills were everywhere – an essential part of the economy. But over the past few centuries they have all but vanished. Slowly, the development of new technology drove traditional mills out…

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Survey of Finnish windmills published

The results of a survey of Finnish windmills have been made available online. You can view the survey here: http://www.sustainableheritage.eu/windmills-in-finland/. It covers 383 post mills, 53 hollow post mills and 51 smock mills – the three main types of windmill found in Finland. A glossary of Finnish mill terms is also available. Earlier studies of Finnish…

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Old and new

Remember our old website? Almost everything you could do on our old site is still available on the new – if you know where to look. If you were familiar with our old site and want to find out how to do the same things on the new one, try this: https://millsarchive.org/files/documents/old_to_new.pdf. It shows the old…

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A Boxing Day poem

Thought we’d share this somewhat gloomy take on Boxing Day from our archives. The poem was published in the journal ‘Milling’, 28 Dec 1895. The Winter Woods: Boxing DayBy a dyspeptic miller Image: Bateman’s Mill, Burwash, with frozen pond, April 1970. Photo by Frank Gregory Those woodlands in winter I cannot forget;How long on that…

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Mystery artist identified

The artist of the mill images found in the Karl Wood collection was Captain Irvine Bately. Thanks to Adrian Allan and @rutlandned who both got in touch to suggest Irvine Bately. He illustrated several books including his brother-in-law R Thurston Hopkins’ book on Sussex, The Kipling County (1924). Captain Bately died in 1962, meaning that the images are…

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Mystery mill artist

Can anyone help identify this artist? These two mill sketches were found with the Karl Wood collection of windmill sketches, but they are by another artist. The signature is hard to read, but the second image appears to have a monogram ‘IB’ in the corner. [images removed for copyright reasons] Here are the two signatures up close: If…

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